7 May 2017

[:en]Kaolack[:]

[:en]Kaolack is in the centre of Senegal. The port city counts 340 000 people and is located on the river Saloum. It has an important economic activity: wholesalers, retailers and markets are making the city dynamic, despite a certain structural and organizational deficit. Kaolack is the capital of the region and also one of the biggest crossroads of the country. However, despite the city potential, private and public investments are not enough to make it attractive to all kind of activities.

The health, the education and the hygiene sectors also suffer from structural issues and lack financial means to respond to the population needs. Many diseases (which vanished in the rest of the world) are still present in this region and still provoke epidemics (meningitis, measles, diarrhoea, tetanus). The morbidity rate for malaria is the first one of the region (18%) and Kaolack has one of the highest AIDS prevalence rate in the country with 1.1% (national average 0,7%). In 2013 the main causes of morbidity were high blood pressure, malaria, acute respiratory infection, duodenal and gastric ulceration. This situation prevents the public authorities to give priority to other crucial issues, such as waste management. The wastewater flows, the unauthorized garbage dump and the absence of waste management remain important issues to this day. Kaolack is producing 152 tonnes of waste every day, including 6% of plastics, equating to 9 tonnes. This situation forces people to live nearby huge uncontrolled landfills.

 

The building of landfill sites could help and simplify the activities for organisations (Economic Interest groups), the private actors, and the NGOs involved in waste management. Collection points are currently built among the city and should be reinforced by sustainable facilities (trays, trucks etc).

Some areas are deprived from such equipment. In those areas, people have to bury or to burn the waste by their own means close from their plots. These outdoor landfills present serious risks for the health of the population and for the environment. These environmental risks are pollution of groundwater, air pollution and emanation of harmful gas, proliferation of mosquitoes, of rats etc. Moreover during the rainy season, the population has to strengthen the entrance of their house to prevent the water from bringing waste into their home.[:]